The Sorting Hat sorts the new children that go to Hogwarts into one of the four houses. The four houses are: Gryffindor, Hufflepuff, Ravenclaw and Slytherin. The Sorting Hat originally belonged to Godric Gryffindor, one of the founders of Hogwarts. Sometimes it also sings songs about the four houses at the start of the year before the sorting ceremony, though this is omitted in the film. To sort people into the four houses, the hat is placed on the student's head and reads their mind. The brave ones go to Gryffindor, those who are smart go to Ravenclaw, pure-blood people sometimes go to Slytherin and those who are true and loyal go to Hufflepuff.