Cornelius Fudge was the Minister for Magic from 1990 to 1996. Despite being a persuasive, confident, and intelligent individual, he often valued bureaucracy over pragmatism. His refusal to believe Lord Voldemort's rebirth and his paranoid fear that Professor Dumbledore wanted to overthrow him led to him using his influence over the Daily Prophet to ridicule and slander Harry and Dumbledore, and appointed Professor Umbridge as Defense Against the Dark Arts teacher to spy on Hogwarts and teach the children useless defensive theory. After it was made clear of the Dark Lord's return, he was dismissed as minister. He was replaced by Rufus Scrimgeour, who was later replaced by Pius Thicknesse, but stayed in an advisory capacity.